Chris Jordan photographs our culture of excess in hopes of changing it
Seattle-based, internationally acclaimed photographer Chris Jordan has become the "it" artist of the international green movement. At a time the public is waking up to the planet's peril, Jordan's large-scale images of the vast detritus of American consumer excess seem made-to-order to dramatize the environmental story.
See, hear more of Chris Jordan
The first comprehensive presentation of Jordan's work opened at the Museum of Art at Washington State University in January and now moves to museums throughout the country, including the Pacific Science Center from Oct. 3 to Jan. 3, 2010.
The exhibit focuses primarily on Jordan's "Running the Numbers: An American Self Portrait" series. More info: chrisjordan.com.
Hear Chris Jordan at the exclusive TED gathering:
PHOTOGRAPHER CHRIS Jordan is living out an eco-fairytale. In a few short years, he catapulted from corporate lawyer chancing a career change to "it" artist of the international green movement.
Talk about timing. The fateful tale of how his muse intersected with the zeitgeist unfolds something like this: New law-school grad moves from Texas to Seattle in 1991 for its rep as a top-10 cool place and its nearby mountains to climb. Resigns the bar a decade later to save his soul and take a leap of faith he can survive as an art photographer. Follows his muse into industrial yards, trash heaps and recycling centers, fascinated by the colors and patterns. A friend comments he's captured a macabre portrait of America; he's seized by an "aha" moment.
He sits by a New York Times reporter at a dinner; a prominent feature story on Jordan follows, anticipating by several months his first solo New York show, "Intolerable Beauty: Portraits of American Mass Consumption." This is September 2005; four months later "An Inconvenient Truth" premieres at Sundance, galvanizing awareness of the planet in peril.
Suddenly it's as if Jordan's large-scale images of the vast detritus of our excess, from the seas of plastic bottles to the plains of discarded cellphones, were made-to-order to dramatize the environmental story.
Everyone wants him: Rachael Ray, a World Economic Forum in Dubai, the exclusive, $6,000-per-person TED conference where celebs and brainiacs commune about big ideas. He's in Harper's, Men's Journal and Vogue Italy; giving talks from Qatar to China. He goes to New Orleans to document the aftermath of Hurricane Katrina, which he links to global warming; these photos are shortlisted for the major enviro-photography prize, the Pictet.
But because this is an eco fairytale, you cannot assume "happily ever after." How does one person, one artist, cope with the urgency, the weight of responsibility of his role as messenger? Answers keep shifting; angst accompanies fame.
We caught up with Jordan, 45, for a chat in his cramped studio behind his small, wood-frame home in a still-modest part of Ballard. It's an unusual time for him, as he just spent a rare whole month without leaving Seattle. Mostly curled up, in fact, with wife, son and dog in "a big nest" of comforters and pillows on the living-room floor. Recovering from the whirlwind. Thinking.
What follows is an edited portion of our conversation.
Q: You have become "the" artist of the green movement. What are the best aspects of wearing this crown, and the worst?
A: The best aspect is, there's a kind of awakening process happening right now that is incredibly exciting to see and contribute to. Although I don't like that term green movement because it seems to be only about plants, save the trees; it's far bigger and deeper and broader.
Q: How would you define it?
A: It's about environmental stewardship, and that includes noticing we're devastating the population of our oceans, for example, and it's about reducing cruelty to animals, raging against factory farming and addressing global climate change. It's also about social justice.
Q: In your "Running the Numbers: An American Self Portrait" series that's now a national traveling exhibit, you've included photos about women's breast augmentation, U.S. spending in Iraq, prisoners in Abu Ghraib, and the high percentage of Americans in prison. Is there a link to environmentalism?
A: These are all issues we're in denial about, including the environment. I think there's shame associated with looking at any of these.
A: American culture is not about experiencing our shame, it's about denying it. It's been that way our whole history.
One culture I find fascinating to juxtapose against American culture is the culture of Germany. They've gone through a long process through their art, poetry, public discourse, their politics, of owning the fact of their complicity in what happened in World War II. It's still a topic of everyday conversation in Germany.
Q: Is that where we want to go?
A: I think we have to. Not necessarily the same way Germany did. But American culture, there's a swashbuckling ego, personified by George Bush and (Dick) Cheney, of, "If I'm doing it, it must be right, because I'm American." In my view, this is part of a bigger American picture, which is a denial of any kind of bad feelings.
We remove ourselves from our connection with each other and the world. After doing that for a very long time, we end up where we are now.
Q: What is the grief and shame about?
A: Grief — here's an example. We've never grieved Katrina the way we could have. We barely grieved 9/11. The most spectacular tragedy to happen in our country in a long time, and the very first thing our leader said was, "Everybody go shopping."
We had candlelight vigils, then we moved right on to hatred — of the Mideast. It's like, the grief went underground and got subversive and turned into a war.
I think there's a tremendous amount of unacknowledged hostility in American culture.
Also, with the advent of the Internet — this whole new cult of just infinite information that's like an avalanche that hits all of us — I think our culture of not feeling has gone up by a whole magnitude. We're all kind of emotionally overwhelmed.
Q: So is your work to counter that?
A: For a while, I thought the "Running the Numbers" series was about holding onto individual empowerment; one of its central themes is the relationship of the individual and the collective. When you stand back a distance from these pieces, you see the collective, and it adds up to a picture of some kind. When you walk up close you see that the picture is created by lots and lots of individuals who each play an equal role.
Last spring, I was doing all these keynote talks, talking about the power of the individual. How every vote counts. Every individual matters. I began to realize that you also could look at my pieces in exactly the opposite way, which if you look at the 2 million plastic bottles, you could take one of those plastic bottles away, and never know the difference.
I'm starting to realize a primary theme is not a belief that every individual matters, it's a much deeper experience of rage.
Q: Your rage?
A: Yeah, my own personal rage, at the experience of feeling disempowered. And anonymous.
We all want to feel we matter. And yet, with something like Google Earth, you look at your house, zooming all the way back, and see it's not even one pixel in a city like Seattle. And then you can zoom out and see that Seattle's not even a pixel ... And seeing all these statistics, about our mass culture, our mass consumption.
I understand on a new level why it is that babies cry when they're just born. It's like, it used to be warm and quiet and safe and all about me. And then they come on out and there's this experience of, oh my God, I'm in this giant, cold, harsh, overwhelming, incomprehensibly complex world, and all I know to do is scream.
And in a way, that's what these pieces of mine are. They're like very carefully filtered screams of rage.
Q: So you're saying, we were always less than pixel, but now we know it, and we see the complexity of problems in the world, and it's like, aaaaah.
A: Yeah, yeah. I don't think people yet have the ability to experience their individuality at the same time as having this new global world view. Because if you think about our history, it was only a really short time ago we were living in tribes. If your tribe is 50 people or 30 people or 100 people, then it's not so hard to have a very palpable sense of who you are, and how you matter.
Q: So how do you deal with that?
A: Our kind of national response, until now, is to live in denial of it. Because at the same time as we're developing this new world view and we're learning that computers we buy have an unacceptable effect on the environment, on the world, and the shoes we buy have an unacceptable effect on poor people in another country, and the food we buy is having an unacceptable effect on the oceans, at the same time we're learning all that stuff, we have become accustomed to this highly material lifestyle. And we don't want to give it up.
Q: And so...
A: And so we just live in denial. I had a very dear friend over yesterday that I was talking to about vegetarianism. And I said, let's just watch this little clip together, called Meet your Meat. It's a devastatingly powerful 12-minute film on the cruelty in the factory-farming business. She didn't want to watch it. She said, "I'm afraid I'll have to give up meat. I don't want to know." This, to me, is the crux.
And the crux is the change of consciousness that I see many, many people experiencing, and that is to realize that there is a benefit to making a lifestyle change. You could even use the word that I hesitate to use, but there's almost something sacred about rediscovering our connection with the Earth and with each other. It's a path to happiness.
Q: What about the worst aspects of wearing your crown?
A: There's a tremendous amount of hypocrisy in the green movement that I'm only beginning to see I carry myself. I own a 44-inch-wide printer that uses petroleum-based inks and prints on petroleum-based paper. I flew entirely around the world in three weeks one time last year, made a complete circumnavigation of the world to give three talks about C02 and saving the environment.
It's hard because I don't want to give up my comfortable material lifestyle. I don't want to give up my iPod, and when the new iPod comes out, I want to buy that one. And when the new computer comes out, I want to buy that one. I'm in absolutely no position to wag my finger at anybody. And yet — I don't want to just sit mute.
Q: More irony...You were in Paris, where you were shortlisted for this really big prize for environmental photography, the Prix Pictet. You were in Dubai...
A: It was ridiculous: 900 wealthy people from all over the world flew to Dubai and stayed in a five-star hotel, ate top-quality food imported from all over the world, and talked about what we could do to save the world. It was truly an exercise in irony and denial and hypocrisy.
Q: And appearing on Rachael Ray, at TED ... This is a very glamorous life.
A: It is. I thought that was all good, too. I realized lately, a few things happened to me as a result of the last year. First of all, I did almost no new work. And my personal relationships also all suffered. I have a 12-year-old son. Lots of times I was away, I missed his soccer and school events. And my friendships, my relationship with my wife. It got a little out of balance for me. It also, I think, went to my head.
Q: You've said you'd really rather be a musician like Herbie Hancock, who brings joy, than what you do.
A: It's like I'm at a great big party, and everybody's enjoying themselves, and I'm the one guy who just can't help but point out the bloody rhinoceros head in the corner.
Q: It's a downer, huh?
A: In a way it's a real downer. It's an emotionally hard role to sustain. And yet I embrace it. And it's beyond what I ever thought would happen to me in my lifetime. I never thought my work would be viewed by 100,000 people a month on the Internet. It's astonishing to me.
Q: What differences have you seen around the world in how your art and message are viewed?
A: The people who connect with my work are remarkably like-minded; (there's a) thread that just truly connects people of every race, culture and background. There was a while there that I felt extremely hopeful.
Q: There's a "but" coming...
A: The "but" is . . . Imagine the scenario. I'm in Taipei, in a room of 250 people; I feel hopeful — there seems to be this spreading, new consciousness, and it's the same consciousness I felt in Lisbon, Caracas, Tokyo. And then I walk out into a city of (millions) of people and get on a plane and fly out, and it's night, and I see gigawatts of electricity being burned, and I realize what a tiny, tiny minority of people it is that even care about these issues. And a minority of people who even have the luxury of thinking about them.
And so I waver between hopefulness and an overwhelming feeling of despair and hopelessness. I've heard so many visionary, brilliant people from all walks of life, scientists who say the next 10 years are the most important 10 years in the next 10,000 years. We either turn it around in the next 10 years or it isn't going to be turn-aroundable.
Carey Quan Gelernter is a Seattle Times staff editor and writer. She can be reached at firstname.lastname@example.org. Alan Berner is a staff photographer.
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