Trend-starting Texas drops algebra II mandate
Texas’ about-face on requiring algebra II came after strong pressure from Jobs for Texas, a coalition of 22 industry-trade groups that said the state’s curriculum was too rigid and no longer met the needs of the modern workforce..
The Associated Press
AUSTIN, Texas — The state that started a trend by making high-school students tackle algebra II is abandoning the policy in a move praised by some school districts for affording more flexibility.
But some policy experts are nervous because nearly 20 states have followed Texas’ lead in requiring the course.
Supporters say fewer course mandates give students more time to focus on vocational training for high-paying jobs that don’t necessarily require a college degree, such as at Toyota’s factory in San Antonio or oil and chemical giant BASF’s facilities on the Gulf Coast.
But critics say Texas — often watched for education policy — is watering down its standards.
They note that test scores and graduation rates have improved since the tougher curriculum was adopted in 2006.
“Algebra II is a really, really powerful predictive value on whether kids go to college, but it goes on and on after that: more likely to have a full-time job, have a job with benefits, be healthier,” said Patte Barth, director of the Center for Public Education, a policy group affiliated with the National School Boards Association.
“It’s not just for the college bound.”
Sixteen other states, including Washington, and the District of Columbia require algebra II for most students, while Minnesota and Connecticut will do so soon.
But Texas will join Florida — two of the country’s most populous states — in dropping the requirement when its Board of Education gives final approval to a curriculum overhaul this week.
That’s prompting some education groups to keep close tabs on other states because Texas’ classroom policy can have national implications.
The state’s heavy reliance on tougher standardized testing under then-Gov. George W. Bush became the model for the federal No Child Left Behind Law. Texas’ textbook market is so large that edits made for its classrooms can affect books sold nationwide.
“It’s funny that the banner-turning state would be backing off not so many years later,” said Jennifer Dounay Zinth, an analyst at Education Commission of the States.
Legislators overwhelmingly approved the change in May, even though Texas’ higher-education commissioner, Raymond Paredes, said removing mandates for advanced math and science would leave more students ill-prepared for college and technical careers.
Florida scrapped a similar policy in April. But unlike Texas, Florida is among 45 states embracing national Common Core standards, meaning its students are expected to master some skills taught in algebra II.
Texas’ about-face came after strong pressure from Jobs for Texas, a coalition of 22 industry-trade groups that said the state’s curriculum was too rigid and no longer met the needs of the modern workforce.
Coalition spokesman Mike Meroney said that with fewer state-mandated courses, school districts can better work with local employers to build curricula that prepare high-school graduates to move directly into high-paying jobs.
“A lot of experts believe that problem solving is not exclusively learned in algebra II,” Meroney said.
The state had allowed students to avoid taking algebra II under the stricter rules by earning a “minimum diploma,” and about 20 percent of students did so. But lawmakers said it wasn’t enough.
The new changes still require algebra II for honors diplomas, which can ensure automatic admission to Texas public universities, or for diploma plans focusing on science, technology, engineering and math courses, or STEM.
Vocal critics include the powerful lobbying group Texas Association of Business, which accused Texas of dumbing-down curriculum. The Texas Latino Education Coalition said the change could allow students from low-income backgrounds to skate through high school despite having college potential.
Parent and teacher groups supported the change, saying it afforded flexibility to school districts, which can still require algebra II. Stephen Waddell, superintendent in the Dallas suburb of Lewisville, said mandating algebra II was unnecessary because most high-schoolers take it anyway.
Chris Witte, who oversees chemical giant BASF’s production facility in Freeport, Texas, said his company offers lucrative jobs for individuals with two-year degrees or focused high-school career training.
“Is algebra II required for every job out at our site? The answer is no,” Witte said.
The Texas Education Agency reported last summer that an all-time high — nearly 88 percent of students from the class of 2012 — graduated on time. It was the fifth consecutive year of improvement.
Students’ scores on college-entrance exams also improved. According to data released in March, Texas students’ ACT scores matched the national average of 20.9.
And 48 percent, compared to 44 percent nationally, met math benchmarks that included being ready for college-level algebra.
Washington and Indiana require algebra II, as do Alabama, Arizona, Arkansas, Delaware, Georgia, Kentucky, Louisiana, Michigan, New Mexico, North Carolina, Ohio, South Dakota, Tennessee and Utah.