On display: Handwritten copy of Gettysburg Address bought with help from kids
As Tuesday’s 150th anniversary of the Gettysburg Address approaches, the memories of septuagenarians and octogenarians remain one of the only links to the effort to raise $60,000 in the early 1940s to buy one of the five known copies of the famous speech.
The Associated Press
SPRINGFIELD, Ill. — As a boy in the 1940s, Gene Rubley got a nickel allowance every week — money that would pay for a 4-cent ticket to see a double feature at a Springfield movie theater, with a penny to spare for candy.
“That was my Saturday,” the Illinois resident, now 83, said, adding that as the country recovered from the Great Depression and entered World War II, “We didn’t have anything.”
Yet Rubley gave that prized allowance up for a time as part of an effort by some of the youngest residents of Abraham Lincoln’s home state to obtain a copy of the president’s Gettysburg Address.
Rubley was one of the thousands of school children across the state who mobilized in the early 1940s to raise a majority of the $60,000 needed to purchase the one of five known copies of the speech written in Lincoln’s hand.
“It meant something to us, being part of something like that,” he said. “We were acquiring a piece of history.”
As Tuesday’s 150th anniversary of the famous 272-word address approaches, the memories of septuagenarians and octogenarians such as Rubley remain one of the only links to the effort, as few details were recorded after the original fundraising drive.
Illinois’ manuscript, often called the “Everett copy,” is housed at Springfield’s Abraham Lincoln Presidential Library and Museum. James Cornelius, curator of the Lincoln collection at the museum, said the president wrote the copy at the request of Edward Everett, the main speaker at the Gettysburg National Cemetery in Pennsylvania in November of 1863.
Everett was collecting the speeches from Gettysburg’s dedication into one bound volume to sell for the benefit of stricken soldiers at a fair.
The exact wording of the address varies among the manuscript copies and media reports from the time. Cornelius said the Everett copy is the only handwritten copy of the address to include the phrase “under God,” which The Associated Press at the time reported that Lincoln said.
Records show that in October 1943, Illinois State Historical Library trustee Oliver Barrett suggested school children help raise the money to buy the Everett copy from New York manuscript and rare-books dealer Thomas Madigan. State superintendent Vernon Nickell communicated the task to schools, and the fundraising drive, as a result, was nicknamed “Nickell’s Nickels.”
Robert Iverson, the youngest in a family of eight children growing up in the Chicago suburbs, said he and several siblings recall penny jars being stationed in classrooms for the collection.
Children were asked to make an average donation of 5 cents apiece, and they raised more than $50,000 by March, state records show. Chicago department-store heir Marshall Field III later donated the remainder.
The months-long effort became a friendly competition, as fundraising tallies were tracked across the state.
Two copies of the speech remain at the Library of Congress, another at the White House and the last at Cornell University. Cornelius said the Everett copy is in the best condition because of its years being sandwiched between other pages in the Gettysburg commemorative volume.
The two-page manuscript is on display at the museum until Dec. 1, when, Cornelius said, it will go back into the vault so that “it’s good and legible 100 years from now.”