Dozens die at Kenyan mall in hail of bullets, hand grenades
Somalia’s militant group al-Shabab claimed responsibility for the bloody attack in Nairobi’s Westgate mall and said the attack was retribution for Kenyan forces’ 2011 push into Somalia.
The New York Times
NAIROBI, Kenya — Masked gunmen stormed into a fancy, crowded mall in Nairobi on Saturday and shot dead at least 39 people and wounded more than 150 in one of the most chilling terrorist attacks in East Africa since al-Qaida blew up two U.S. embassies in 1998.
Parents hurled themselves over their children, people jumped into ventilation shafts to save themselves, and shoppers huddled behind the plastic mannequins in designer-clothing stores as two squads of gunmen believed to be linked to a Somali terrorist group moved through the mall, shooting shoppers in the head.
Hours later, the mall’s gleaming floors were smeared with blood as police officers dashed through the corpse-strewn corridors, trying to find the assailants.
Early Sunday, more than 12 hours after the attack began, gunmen remained holed up inside the mall, with an unknown number of hostages.
The mall, called Westgate, is a symbol of Kenya’s rising prosperity, an impressive five-story building where Kenyans can buy expensive cups of frozen yogurt and plates of sushi. On Saturdays, it is especially crowded. U.S. officials have long warned that Nairobi’s malls were ripe targets for Islamist terrorists, especially Westgate, because a cafe on the ground floor, right off the street, is owned by Israelis.
Fred Ngoga Gateretse, an official with the African Union, was having coffee at that cafe around noon when he heard two deafening blasts. He cowered on the floor and watched eight gunmen with scarves twisted over their faces firing at shoppers and then up at Kenyan police officers who were shooting down from a balcony as panicked shoppers dashed for cover. “Believe me, these guys were good shooters,” Gateretse said. “You could tell they were trained.”
Several witnesses said the attackers shouted for Muslims to run away while they methodically picked off other shoppers, executing them one by one. The mall, one of Nairobi’s most luxurious, with glass elevators and some of the most expensive shops in the city, is also popular with expatriates. It has served as the place for a power lunch, to catch a movie, to bring children for ice cream.
Kenya’s President Uhuru Kenyatta said on national TV that some close relatives were among the dead.
Four American citizens were reported injured but not killed in the attack, the State Department said Saturday. Secretary of State John Kerry, who called the attack “a heartbreaking reminder that there exists unspeakable evil in our world,” said the wife of a local employee of the U.S. government was among the dead. Two Canadians, one of them a diplomat based in Nairobi, and two French citizens were killed in the assault, their governments said.
A confidential U.N. report Saturday described the attack as “a complex, two-pronged assault” with two squads of gunmen dashing into the mall from different floors at the same time and opening fire.
Al-Shabab, an Islamist militant group based in Somalia, took responsibility for the attack, saying it was revenge for Kenya’s military operations in Somalia, which began nearly two years ago.
“Kenya will not get peace unless they pull their military out of Somalia,” Ali Mohamoud Rage, al-Shabab’s spokesman, said in a radio address. Al-Shabab also sent a barrage of buoyant Twitter messages, bragging about the prowess of their fighters — “the Mujahedeen are still strong inside,” one message said — before Twitter suspended the account late Saturday.
Kenyatta called the terrorists cowards and said Kenya would remain “as brave and invincible as the lions on our Coat of Arms.” He also sounded a somber note, pleading with Kenyans to give blood and provide sympathy, and said that he himself had lost “very close family members in this attack,” though he did not specify further. In addition to the 39 people killed, which included women and children, Kenyatta said, more than 150 people were wounded. Government officials said the wounded ranged in age from 2 to 78.
As of early Sunday, Kenyan commandos had cornered several of the assailants on the third floor of the mall, witnesses said. Western officials said they expected the assailants would fight to the death, though the Kenyan news media reported that one wounded gunman had been captured, and later died in a hospital. Witnesses who escaped the mall said there were hostages trapped inside, but it was not clear if those were shoppers hiding in crawlspaces and barricaded stores or captives being held at gunpoint. Several witness also said one of the assailants was a woman.
Throughout the day, as the police cleared sections of the mall, terrified shoppers emerged with their hands up and collapsed.
Witnesses described attackers using AK-47 and G-3 assault rifles and throwing grenades.
Vivian Atieno, 26, who works on the first floor of the mall, described “intense shooting,” starting around 11 a.m., before she escaped through a fire exit.
Kenya serves as the economic engine of East Africa, and while it has been mostly spared the violence and turmoil of many of its neighbors, it has had other terrorist attacks.
In 1998, al-Qaida killed more than 200 people in an enormous truck bombing that nearly leveled the U.S. Embassy in downtown Nairobi, while simultaneously attacking the U.S. Embassy in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Islamist terrorists also struck an Israeli-owned hotel on Kenya’s Indian Ocean coast in 2002 and fired missiles at an Israeli airliner.
More recently, al-Shabab has put Kenya in its cross hairs, especially after Kenya sent thousands of troops into Somalia in 2011 to chase al-Shabab away from its borders and kept those troops there as part of a larger African Union mission to pacify Somalia. Al-Shabab has attacked churches in eastern Kenya, mosques in Nairobi and government outposts along the Kenya-Somalia border.
But this was the boldest attack yet. Within minutes, as the gunmen opened fire with assault rifles, Westgate was plunged into mayhem and carnage. People ran out screaming, and victims soaked in their own blood were wheeled out in shopping carts. Bodies were still sprawled on the mall’s front steps hours afterward, and woozy shoppers continue to emerge from the stores where they had been hiding.
“This is such a shock,” said Preeyam Sehmi, an artist, as she stumbled out of the mall, past a phalanx of Kenyan soldiers, after five hours of hiding. “Westgate was such a social place.”
Ilana Stein, a spokeswoman for Israel’s Ministry of Foreign Affairs, said the attack took place near the ArtCaffe, an Israeli-owned coffee shop and bakery popular with foreigners that is one of 80 businesses in the mall. Stein said one Israeli was injured and three others escaped unharmed, and that Israelis had not been specifically targeted.
“This time, the story is not about Israel,” Stein said.
As night fell, hours after the attack began, Kenyan police helicopters hovered overhead while soldiers in flak jackets and helmets jogged single file into the mall, faces grim, guns cocked. The flashing lights of ambulances lighted up the mall’s facade.
Gunshots continued to ring out well past dark, though the Kenyan authorities did not provide much information about what was happening inside the mall. Several Kenyan soldiers were later brought out grimacing from what appeared to be gunshot wounds.
Current and former U.S. officials worry more attacks will come. “I think this is just the beginning,” said Rudy Atallah, former director of African counterterrorism for the Pentagon.
“An attack like this gives them the capability to recruit, it shows off their abilities, and it demonstrates to al-Qaida central that they are not dead,” Atallah said.
Material from The Associated Press is included in this report.