Taliban's brazen attack leaves Afghans fearful
The deadly attack at the Spozhmai hotel was a gruesome reminder of the Taliban's determination to scare the Afghan people and undermine efforts to stabilize the nation as U.S.-led forces prepare to withdraw by the end of 2014.
Los Angeles Times
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Seattle Times news services
KABUL, Afghanistan — To the people of Afghanistan's dusty capital, Kabul, sparkling blue Lake Qargha on the city's outskirts long has been a tranquil haven.
But in a brazen attack, a team of Taliban assailants turned the quiet lakeshore into a scene of horrors, storming a popular hotel, seizing dozens of hostages and killing 18 people, most of them diners relaxing over a late-night meal.
The bloody, 12-hour siege at the Spozhmai hotel, the latest in a series of high-profile insurgent strikes around Kabul in recent months, ended Friday when elite Afghan police supported by NATO troops killed the last of the attackers.
While NATO and the country's government hailed Afghan forces for preventing even more deaths, the attack demonstrated that insurgents can strike seemingly at will. Their reach leaves many Afghans feeling jittery and fearful as the U.S.-led NATO force begins pulling out.
In a claim of responsibility, the Taliban described the hotel as a "hub of obscenity and vulgarity," a description that harked back to the conservative movement's five-year rule over Afghanistan before being dislodged by the 2001 U.S.-led invasion. Under its harsh interpretation of Islam, a place where men and women mingled and dined together — and where guests were permitted to consume illicitly procured alcohol — was viewed as an abomination.
The victims also were apparently targeted for their status: well-educated, affluent and cosmopolitan, representing an elite class generally supportive of President Hamid Karzai's government and the presence of Western troops in Afghanistan. Targeting them was explicit warning that, once the NATO force is gone, they will be defenseless.
The Afghan government issued a blistering statement blaming "brainwashed terrorists" based in Pakistan for the attack. Marine Gen. John Allen, who commands Western troops in Afghanistan, said the assault "bears the signature" of the Haqqani network, an al-Qaida-linked Taliban offshoot with its home base in Pakistan's tribal areas.
Evidence of a link to Pakistan could further inflame tensions between the U.S. and the Pakistani security establishment.
In the aftermath of the attack, the once-picturesque hotel lay in ruins, its facade blasted away, floors sticky with blood, furniture smashed and shattered glass and shell casings littering the ground. Bodies lay heaped and scattered amid the debris of half-finished meals.
The attack began shortly before midnight Thursday. By some witness accounts, the assailants initially wore all-enveloping blue burqas to disguise themselves and buy a few moments of confusion, throwing off the garments when they stormed into the hotel. First reports put the number of attackers at seven; the government later reduced that to four.
Heavily armed and wearing suicide vests, the gunmen swiftly seized control of the hotel, setting off a battle that continued until midmorning Friday. Several hundred people were inside the complex at the time, including dozens attending a private party in the dining hall that was targeted.
Many were cut down while they tried to flee as the room was sprayed with bullets; some saved themselves by jumping out windows and into the lake. At least one attacker blew himself up in the course of the assault.
Survivors described methodical executions of some diners, mainly men, who pleaded for their lives but were shot point-blank. In a token of the lethal efficiency of the assailants, only five people were reported wounded, including a police officer taking part in the rescue operation.
Dozens of others people were seized as hostages, and survivors recounted that the gunmen railed about pimps and prostitutes who they insisted were present in the hotel. A 14-year-old waiter named Ebadullah said that after killing the security guards, attackers cornered him in an adjacent room and demanded to know where the "adulterous bastards" were.
"I told them, 'I don't know, Uncle,' " he said.
They left him alive, and he spent the night crouching alone, listening to gunshots and explosions.
The Taliban claimed that foreigners were among the dead, but Afghan authorities said all those killed were Afghans. After the siege ended, weeping relatives gathered outside the hotel, waiting to claim the bodies.
NATO sent in special-operations troops and helicopters to aid Afghan forces. But Western military officials were careful to characterize the rescue operation, in which one Afghan police officer was killed, as Afghan-led. A similar attack last summer at a landmark Kabul hotel ended after international troops intervened, providing helicopters and commandos.