Resolutions: Time honored tradition in Congress comes under attack
Eric Cantor, R-Va., the next House majority leader, intends to end the practice of lawmakers voting on resolutions such as congratulating the Saratoga Race Course on its 142nd season — or at least dramatically scale it back.
Tribune Washington Bureau
WASHINGTON — The House this session has spent time honoring Geronimo, celebrating the Hollywood Walk of Fame's 50th anniversary, declaring country music a distinctly American art form and congratulating the Saratoga Race Course on its 142nd season.
But the days of lawmakers spending hours on such niceties are on the way out.
A leader of the House's new Republican majority intends to end the practice of lawmakers voting on such resolutions — or at least dramatically scale it back.
Today's Republicans, imbued with a sense that Washington's priorities have become muddled, contend that most commemorations are a waste of floor time needed for more pressing matters.
"I do not suspect that Jefferson or Madison ever envisioned Congress honoring the 2,560th anniversary of the birth of Confucius or supporting the designation of National Pi Day," said Eric Cantor, R-Va., the next House majority leader. "I believe people want our time, energy and efforts focused on their priorities."
Defenders of the practice say the resolutions are a time-honored tradition that bring deserved recognition to individuals and groups while providing moments of bipartisan good cheer in an otherwise divisive Capitol.
The practice also hasn't seemed to hamper the current Congress from passing a bounty of major legislation, including health care and financial overhauls, over the past few years.
"Look, they're really important to people in our localities," said Rep. Bob Filner, D-Calif., who offered several resolutions this session, including one recognizing the celebration of Filipino American History Month. "It doesn't cost us a lot of money. It's important for local pride."
Congress has been down this road before. When Newt Gingrich became House speaker in 1995 after the Republican landslide, he sought to ban resolutions designating special days, weeks and months — like National Asparagus Month, Wine Appreciation Week and National Fragrance Week.
The results were striking. Commemorations plummeted from a high of 41 percent of all bills passed in the mid-1980s to 12 percent in 1995-96.
But this being Washington, lawmakers found a way around the new rules. Because the ban restricted only commemorations designating a specific time period, lawmakers soon started bestowing less temporal honors — as in "supporting the goals and ideals of American Craft Beer Week."
Now members of both parties indulge in the practice, introducing hundreds of celebratory resolutions every session. It's the kind of Washington addiction that the opposition wave against politics-as-usual has set its sights on.
Singling out the resolution marking Confucius' birth as an example of a time-waster, Rep. Jason Chaffetz, R-Utah, sneered: "We shouldn't have done it until he was at least 2,600 years old."
Rep. Jeff Flake, R-Ariz., among those voting against the Confucius resolution, remarked at the time: "He who spends time passing trivial legislation may find himself out of time to read health-care bill."
Critics say there are other ways for lawmakers to recognize a surfing champion or salute baseball bat maker Hillerich & Bradsby on the 125th anniversary of the Louisville Slugger without requiring a House vote.
Earlier this year Chaffetz voted against the resolution recognizing the Hollywood Walk of Fame, saying his district also has an amusement park but "I'm not coming to the United States Congress asking for recognition of it."
Approving such measures has been a long-standing practice at every level of government. A congressional report said that for 200 years, lawmakers have expressed gratitude, noted individual virtue and otherwise acknowledged significant events.
Mother's Day become a national celebration after a resolution was passed in 1914 honoring moms. Just this month, the House congratulated Joe Paterno on his 400th win as Penn State football coach and the town of Tarboro, N.C., on its 250th anniversary.
The question is whether the attempt to eradicate these kinds of resolutions is about the need to get down to legislative business, or is merely grandstanding against a Washington habit.
"When people grumble about an 'out of control' government, I doubt it has anything to do with members taking a few moments to honor and congratulate the people and places they are elected to serve," said Ken Willis, an aide to Rep. G.K. Butterfield, D-N.C., who authored the Tarboro resolution.
For those on the receiving end of congressional praise, the honor is significant.
Last January, local officials posed for photos at the Bronx County Historical Society after receiving a resolution from Rep. Jose E. Serrano, D-N.Y., celebrating the centennial history of the Grand Concourse as "the pre-eminent thoroughfare in the borough of the Bronx."
Bronx historian Lloyd Ultan said it's not every day such an honor from Washington is given to one of the nation's poorer communities — "and not every other day either."
"Everybody in the Bronx is proud of that particular thoroughfare," he said of the concourse that was modeled on the Champs-Elysees in Paris. The resolution is now part of the historical society's archive and collection.
The resolutions often give lawmakers an opportunity to show support for important groups. In legislation stalled in committee, Rep. Kay Granger, R-Texas, sought to recognize the 75th anniversary of RadioShack Corp.'s original listing as a public company on the New York Stock Exchange. The company is headquartered in her Texas district.
"It's good politics," said John Feehery, a former House GOP leadership aide.
Yet lawmakers from both parties agreed they were spending too much time on such resolutions.
One-third of the more than 2,100 bills considered on the House floor during the past Congress involved congratulatory resolutions, a Post Office naming or other honors, according to the GOP.
While each vote can be conducted in just a few minutes, and votes are often grouped together just once a day, members still must break away their schedule to do so, usually walking from offices or committee rooms to the Capitol. The entire process can take up to an hour.
House Republicans have not decided how to ban the practice, but are considering rules changes for the new Congress, including one that could limit the naming of post offices to one day each month.
Soon-to-be Speaker John A. Boehner, R-Ohio, said in a recent speech, "It's time to focus on doing what we were sent here to do."
"We all grumble," said Rep. George Miller, D-Calif., referring to the eclectic array of resolutions. "But there's a little bit of Americana in that. ... You can make this a harsher, less colorful place. ... You can turn off the lights, too."
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