Yattle could be new beef alternative
Spying three intruders inside their grassy Loudoun County, Va., sanctuary, a herd of horned bovines immediately went on the defensive. The animals grouped together...
The Washington Post
Bovines in briefSome differences between yaks and cattle:
Yaks and cattle belong to the Bos genus but are different species.
Yak meat is 5 percent fat; beef is 15 percent.
Yaks grunt; cows moo.
Yak farmers say yaks eat between one-third and one-half of what cattle eat.
The Washington Post
WASHINGTON — Spying three intruders inside their grassy Loudoun County, Va., sanctuary, a herd of horned bovines immediately went on the defensive. The animals grouped together and charged full speed across the field to within 10 feet, dropped their front shoulders and dared anyone to take another step.
"That's the yak in them," farmer Pete Mentzer explained.
"They're 50-50 yak and beef animal," he said of the creatures, which have long faces, low-set ears, thick coats and tails, and oddly angled horns.
Mentzer, who grew up farming in Loudoun, and his partner, Jim Dumbrell, a retired British oil- and gas-pipeline consultant, are breeding yattle: a cross between cows and yaks. "We laughingly call it Frankensteer," Dumbrell said of the crossbreed.
Right now, yattle are the next big nothing. But Mentzer and Dumbrell hope they become the rage of a health-conscious society looking for a low-fat alternative to traditional beef.
Because yaks, with their horns and long coats, are cold-weather animals native to such places as Tibet, their fat is concentrated on the outside of their bodies, not riddled throughout, resulting in a low-cholesterol but slightly tough meat, Dumbrell said. By breeding the animals with beef cattle, the two hope to meld the best traits of both species.
A far cry from the days when the success or failure of the year's harvest governed family fortunes, ventures such as Dumbrell's are often pursued more out of whimsy than necessity.
"I get a lot of pleasure out of it," said Dumbrell, 65, who came to Loudoun 18 years ago and describes himself as a novice farmer. "I love working with animals."
Yaks are stupid
Dumbrell said he got the idea to raise livestock after taking in a "seriously deformed" cow, Stumpy, who was being shunned by the rest of the herd on a neighbor's farm. Seeking company for the creature, he explored his options.
"We were trying to find something that was different. We were thinking of alpacas, then bison, but the fencing for bison would be pretty expensive," given their strength and aggression. He summed up his reasons for choosing yaks with a single word and a grin: "Stupidity."
Realizing he'd need a real farmer to help handle the up-to-1,300-pound animals, Dumbrell partnered with his neighbor, Mentzer, who, after 36 years of working for the power company Pepco, decided he wanted to return to his roots and give farming another go.
Asked whether he ever thought he'd be partnered with a British yattle farmer, Mentzer, 69, said: "Absolutely not. No way, shape or form."
Dumbrell has 30 yaks on his 70-acre farm — which flies British and U.S. flags near its workshop — while cattle and yattle are kept on neighboring farms where Mentzer works as a manager.
Unlike other crosses such as mules, which are infertile, only male yattle are sterile, allowing females — which might or might not have horns — to procreate with bulls.
Crossing species risky
Yattle are not the first example of two species being crossed to please the human palate.
In the early 1970s, beefalo — crosses of bison and beef cattle — was marketed commercially in the United States. That venture has largely flopped because of a low supply of animals, said Bob Weaber, a geneticist specializing in beef cattle at the University of Missouri.
American Beefalo International, an association of breeders primarily in the United States, reports registering 200 to 300 beefalo each year.
Weaber said crossing species is usually risky, given the fertility challenges involved. "You kinda gotta scratch your head as to why they'd do it," Weaber said of the yattle enterprise.
Michael Greger, director of public health and animal agriculture at the Humane Society of the United States, expressed little concern about the crossing of cow and yak, saying there could be benefits.
"Some of these kinds of specialized animals may have higher welfare because the farmer may have put a lot of resources into these sort of niche species," Greger said. Dumbrell and Mentzer's yattle operation is one of only a handful in the country, said John Hooper, vice president of the International Yak Association. Hooper, who has a yak farm in Cold Spring, Minn., said his group estimates there are 5,000 yaks in the United States, mostly in colder, higher-altitude climates, such as Colorado.
So far, Dumbrell has bred eight yattle but hasn't tasted the meat. Although his financial future is not riding on it, he is fairly confident the end product, still two to three years away, will be a hit.
"It's marketing," he said. "It could be the worst crap you've ever tasted in your life, but you'll pay for it, because it's taken eight years to achieve."
Copyright © 2007 The Seattle Times Company
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