Army reservist sues over fifth deployment
Erik Botta was proud to report for four deployments. But he's suing over a fifth tour he says could ruin the life he's built back home.
PORT ST. LUCIE, Fla. — Erik Botta believes he's done right by his country.
Days after Sept. 11, as a young Army reservist, he volunteered to go to war. He was soon in Afghanistan.
The next year, he was sent out again, this time to Iraq, part of a Special Operations team.
In the next two years, he was sent to Iraq again. And again.
He thought he was done. But now, the Army wants Sgt. Botta one more time.
The 26-year-old from Port St. Lucie, Fla., has been ordered to report Sunday to Fort Jackson, S.C., for his fifth deployment. And that has compelled Botta, a first-generation American who counts himself a quiet patriot, to do something he never thought he'd do: sue the Army.
"I'm proud of my service," he said. "I never wanted it to end like this."
Nearly seven years into his eight-year commitment to the reserves, the personal costs are higher for Botta. He could lose his home and even his job at Sikorsky, where he works on the Black Hawk military helicopter.
Degree hangs in balance
He's halfway to his electrical-engineering degree and planning a career in defense work, but his professors say he'll suffer a significant setback if he is deployed. He doesn't mention the danger another deployment would bring, but his wife and parents do.
"I'm proud of being in the Army," he said. "They taught me responsibility. They taught me maturity. And they gave me a good toolbox of technical skills to work with. I think I'd be more valuable to my country at this point by being here, getting my degree and working at Sikorsky."
In a lawsuit he planned to file this week in federal court in Florida, Botta said he would ask for an exemption or delay so he can complete his engineering studies. He is also asking the court to prevent the Army from requiring him to report for duty until the legal questions are settled.
His attorney, Mark Waple — a West Point graduate and former military judge advocate who practices in Fayetteville, N.C. — says Botta's case shows that the Army is inconsistent in its decisions when selecting reservists for involuntary mobilization, over and over.
"This is an arbitrary decision by the Army Human Resources Command with no rational basis," Waple said.
Deployment now would mean he could no longer afford his house. His wife would probably have to move in with her parents. Plans to start a family would be on hold. He might lose the job he landed a month ago and he would probably have to repeat some engineering courses.
"This is no peace protester," Waple said. "I wouldn't have touched this case with a 10-foot pole if it was. He's put the boots on and been in combat."
"I've sacrificed a lot"
Although Botta knew there was a risk that he would be called to duty again, he assumed it was very slight, given his four combat deployments, pursuit of an engineering degree and employment with military contractors, he said.
"The world pretty much stopped when I got the notice," he said. "I've sacrificed a lot for the military. I didn't want to end with litigation, but I feel I've done my service to my country. I've done what I signed up for in more ways than one."
The Army doesn't agree. It turned down one appeal, with another pending but unofficially denied. Last year, it granted Botta a 287-day delay, pushing his deployment date to this month, after an inquiry by U.S. Sen. Bill Nelson, D-Fla.
"This is something we're starting to see more of," Bryan Gulley, Nelson's spokesman, said about repeat deployments. "It's one of the reasons Nelson has been saying we have to stop relying so heavily on the National Guard and the Reserve."
Army spokeswoman Maj. Cheryl Phillips issued a statement Friday regarding Botta's case, saying in part the Army evaluates "each request independently to determine if the mobilization will cause undue hardship for the soldier or the family. We appreciate the sacrifice our citizen soldiers and their families make when called to active duty."
The Army has granted 87 percent of delays requested by soldiers — most are 90 days or less — and 54 percent of exemptions, the statement said. A letter the Army sent to Botta regarding one of his appeals said he did not "meet the requirements for a hardship exemption/discharge."
Botta joined the reserves in 2000 and asked to be activated in 2001 — "I felt like I had to do something" after Sept. 11, he said — and his tours of duty have lasted up to eight months. He left active duty at the end of 2004.
Attorney Waple says the Army has granted an exemption in at least one similar case, in 2005. A 24-year-old enlisted Army reservist with two combat tours under his belt — in Iraq and Kosovo — was involuntarily mobilized while attending community college in Raleigh, N.C, pursuing a degree in chemical engineering.
He had completed five of his eight years in the service, Waple said. The man's first appeal was denied, but after Waple filed a second appeal, the man was given an exemption and was honorably discharged, Waple said.
Botta's case may be even stronger. He has completed more years of service and more combat tours, has a job in the defense industry while pursuing his engineering degree, and was already granted a 287-day delay, Waple noted.
Botta has tried hard to avoid a suit by filing every appeal available within the Army's justice system, Waple said. Botta and his wife have sent letters to everyone from Nelson to the White House. His professors and employers have sent letters, too, on his behalf.
In his own letters to the Army, Botta notes that he is attending school on the GI Bill, maintaining a 3.9 grade-point average and is grateful he can use his Army skills in his work with military contractors.
"If I was to go back to the Army at this juncture in my life, I could very well lose my house and be in considerable debt for years to come," Botta wrote. "I am proud of the fact that I can still continue to serve my country with the knowledge that I have acquired from the U.S. Army."
The Army's response during the appeals, Botta said, has been "minimal communication."
A worried family
Carlos Botta, his father, a naturalized U.S. citizen from Argentina, said he applauded his son's military service — until now. "He served in Afghanistan. He served three times in Iraq. The odds are getting slimmer and slimmer for him. He might get hurt. Don't you think he has served the country enough already?"
Botta's wife, Jennifer, who married him between Iraq stints, said she can't face the idea of his returning to combat. Losing their house, painful as that would be, is the least of her worries.
"He's been over there four times. There's only so many times you can go over without something happening. ... " Her voice trailed off.
During his deployments, she said, she would watch television news reports about bombings, then count the hours until he called. "My cellphone was in my hand 24 hours a day," she said. "I never let it go."
For Erik Botta, the last few months have played out as a struggle between his battle-hardened loyalty to the Army and an abiding sense of what's right.
"We were in a wartime situation," he said. "I did what they asked me to do. I went over and did it. And then when I was leaving, they told me I could leave. They told me to get on with my life, and I did. Now it seems they've changed their mind."
But he doesn't regret his service at all. "I'm proud to be in the Army, and I'm proud — cheesy as it might sound — I'm proud to be an American."
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