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Originally published Tuesday, December 6, 2005 at 12:00 AM

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Muslim ideals idea behind new sorority

Tottering on stiletto heels, Amira Shalash, a freshman at the University of Kentucky, tossed back her long, tousled hair and tugged at the...

Los Angeles Times

LEXINGTON, Ky. — Tottering on stiletto heels, Amira Shalash, a freshman at the University of Kentucky, tossed back her long, tousled hair and tugged at the neckline of her sweater, which had slipped off her shoulder.

Giggling, her friends — who wear hijabs, traditional Muslim headscarves — teased her that she was not dressed modestly enough.

The nine women were gathered to learn about the nation's first Islamic sorority.

The motto of Gamma Gamma Chi: "Striving for the pleasure of Allah through Sisterhood, Scholarship, Leadership and Community Service."

The sorority, based in Greensboro, N.C., hopes to establish its first campus chapter at the University of Kentucky.

Taking a seat at the introductory meeting, Boushra Aghil, a 20-year-old junior in an olive- green shirt and black hijab, studied the sorority's brochure. She was curious about how Gamma Gamma Chi would reconcile Islamic morals with sorority life — and the party atmosphere associated with it.

"My parents would never, ever let me join a regular sorority," Shalash said. "I don't know any Muslim sorority girls."

But since Gamma Gamma Chi was founded seven months ago, Muslim students from 14 states — and from Pakistan and the United Arab Emirates — have e-mailed the sorority's national headquarters in Alexandria, Va. The biggest response came from the University of Kentucky in Lexington, a city with a Muslim population of nearly 2,500.

The idea for Gamma Gamma Chi came from Imani Abdul-Haqq, a 34-year-old business-administration major at Guilford College in Greensboro. She hopes to establish chapters in every region of the United States by 2015.

A black woman who converted to Islam in 2000, Abdul-Haqq considered joining an established black sorority but worried that she would have to compromise her Muslim beliefs. Even the term for the nine predominantly black fraternities and sororities — the Divine Nine — makes her uncomfortable. Only Allah, she says, is divine.

"As a Muslim who dresses modestly and does not drink, I wouldn't want to set myself apart from the people I was pledging with," she said. "I want to feel the unity."

The Muslim women at the University of Kentucky said they also wanted that feeling of connection.

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"The American white-bread sorority girls wouldn't always understand our issues," Aghil said. "We already wear a scarf, we recognize we are the odd people out, but we need a support system, a group that can support us in the Islamic way."

Gamma Gamma Chi is not the first sorority to offer an alternative to traditional, predominantly white American sororities.

Alpha Kappa Alpha, the first of four major black sororities, was founded in 1908 at Howard University in Washington, D.C. In 1991, the Hispanic-oriented Gamma Phi Omega was established; in 1997, the multicultural Theta Nu Xi; in 1998, the South Asian Kappa Phi Gamma.

As the first Muslim sorority, Gamma Gamma Chi has the unique challenge of creating sorority life that is in keeping with Islamic law.

Although alcohol is banned in most sorority houses, a national study conducted in 2001 identified 62 percent of sorority members as binge drinkers.

That type of behavior won't be tolerated at Gamma Gamma Chi. Its president and executive director, Althia Collins, has devised a strict induction process.

"It will be a bit like 'The Apprentice' or 'America's Next Top Model,' " said Collins, an education consultant and former college administrator who helped her daughter, Abdul-Haqq, establish the sorority. "We will give them 'Gamma mail,' which details a challenge for them to work on, like learning verses from the Quran."

If more than five students at the University of Kentucky submit membership applications by January, Gamma Gamma Chi hopes to establish its first chapter in February.

Many Muslims do not know what to make of the girls' interest in Gamma Gamma Chi. The National Muslim Student Association, which e-mailed its local chapters this year seeking their opinions on the sorority, declined to comment.

Tahir Rajab, 21, president of the Jacksonville Muslim Student Association in Florida, believes Muslim women should not seek to emulate American women. "All these sororities sound very good on paper," he said. "But partying is what they are known for."

Muslim women who want sisterhood, he suggested, should call themselves the Righteous Woman Organization and use Arabic, rather than Greek, letters.

But many young Muslim women, more integrated in American life than their mothers and grandmothers, long to develop a campus identity.

According to Waheedah Bagby, chairwoman of the Muslim Women's Council of Kentucky, a Muslim sorority would help them say, "Yes, we are Americans, we want to be part of college life, but we are also Muslims."

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