Genius grantsBelow are 24 fellows who each will receive $500,000 over five years from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation:
Lynsey Addario, 35, photojournalist, Istanbul, Turkey. Creating a visual record of major conflicts and humanitarian crisis of the 21st century.
Maneesh Agrawala, 37, computer vision technologist, Berkeley, Calif. Designing visual interfaces that enhance ability to synthesize and comprehend complex, digital information.
Timothy Barrett, 59, papermaker and paper historian, Iowa City, Iowa. Preserving and enhancing the art of hand-papermaking.
Mark Bradford, 47, media artist, Los Angeles. Incorporates everyday items from urban environments into abstract art.
Edwidge Danticat, 40, novelist, Miami. Depictions of lives of Haitian immigrants chronicle the power of human resistance and endurance.
Rackstraw Downes, 69, painter, New York. Minutely landscapes explore the intersection between the built and the natural world.
Esther Duflo, 36, economist, Cambridge, Mass. Analyzes poverty in South Asia and Africa and improving policies aid efforts designed to improve lives.
Deborah Eisenberg, 63, short-story writer, New York. Work depicts people coming to terms with personal relationships and struggling with the changing social context in which the relationships occur.
Lin He, 35, molecular biologist, Berkeley, Calif. Advances understanding of the role of microRNAs in the development of cancer.
Peter Huybers, 35, climate scientist, Cambridge, Mass. Develops theories that explain climate change.
James Longley, 37, filmmaker, Seattle. Explores the historical and cultural dimensions of conflicts in the Middle East through the stories of ordinary families.
L. Mahadevan, 44, applied mathematician, Cambridge, Mass. Investigates principles underlying the behavior of complex systems to address such questions as how flags flutter.
Heather McHugh, 61, poet, Seattle. Uses such wordplay as puns and rhymes in intricately patterned compositions.
Jerry Mitchell, 50, investigative newspaper reporter, Jackson, Miss. Work has led to prosecutions in decades-old civil rights-era slayings.
Rebecca Onie, 32, health-services innovator, Boston. Helped build a program links college volunteers with medical professionals to improve health care for low-income patients.
Richard Plum, 48, ornithologist, New Haven, Conn. Uses paleontology, developmental biology and optical physics to address questions about avian development, evolution and behavior.
John A. Rogers, 42, applied physicist, Urbana, Ill. A leader in developing flexible electronic devices.
Elyn Saks, 43, law-school professor, Los Angeles. Writings and her struggles with schizophrenia challenge popular notions about severe mental illness.
Jill Seaman, 57, physician, Old Fangak, Sudan. Devoted to delivering and improving treatment for infectious diseases in the remote, impoverished area of southern Sudan.
Beth Shapiro, 33, evolutionary biologist, University Park, Pa. Research focuses on tracing the population history of recently extinct or threatened species.
Daniel Sigman, 40, biogeochemist, Princeton, N.J. Examines forces that have shaped the ocean's fertility and Earth's climate over the past 2 million years.
Mary Tinetti, 58, geriatric physician, New Haven, Conn. Focuses on accidents involving the elderly and identifying risk factors that contribute to morbidity due to falls.
Camille Utterback, 39, artist, San Francisco. Uses digital technologies to create works that redefine how viewers experience and interact with art.
Theodore Zoli, 43, bridge engineer, New York. Has made major technological advances to protect transportation infrastructure when there is a disaster.
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