Recipe: Whole Steamed Fish
Serves two to four
2 whole fish, like black sea bass or red snapper, about 1½ pounds each, gutted and scaled by a fishmonger
Salt and pepper
2 tablespoons Chinese sweet wine or dry sherry
2 tablespoons soy sauce
2 tablespoons grated ginger
3 garlic cloves, minced
1 tablespoon chili bean paste, available in a Chinese grocery
1 teaspoon sesame oil, more for dressing
2 teaspoons vegetable oil
2 bunches scallions, cut in 3-inch lengths
1 bunch cilantro
1. Rinse fish with cold water, pat dry and season inside and out with salt and pepper. Place both fish on a heatproof platter or shallow baking dish. (Dish must be slightly smaller than inside dimensions of steamer.)
2. Whisk together sweet wine, soy sauce, ginger, garlic, chili bean paste and 1 teaspoon sesame oil. Pour over fish and let marinate, turning once, for 30 minutes.
3. Set up steamer with 3 inches of water in the bottom, then set rack 1 inch over water. Bring water to a rapid boil. Place fish, still on platter with marinade, on rack and cover with lid. (If using a bamboo steamer, cover top with a dish towel to retain steam.) Steam fish for 10 to 12 minutes, until just done. Flesh should look opaque, and there should be no pink at the bone when probed gently with a paring knife. Carefully remove platter from steamer.
4. Meanwhile, place a skillet or wok over high heat and add vegetable oil. When oil looks hazy, add scallions and toss to coat. Sprinkle lightly with salt and stir-fry until slightly charred, about two minutes.
5. To serve, scatter scallions over fish and top liberally with cilantro sprigs. (To make a tastier cilantro garnish, dress sprigs lightly with sesame oil and salt.) Using two forks, serve top fillet from carcass. Remove and discard skeleton to reveal lower fillet. Give each diner some fish, scallions and cilantro. Spoon pan juices over each serving.
David Tanis, The New York Times