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Originally published Saturday, November 3, 2012 at 10:00 AM

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The pleasures of persimmons in fall

City Kitchen: Now is the time to learn more about the persimmon, prized worldwide for its sweet, mellow flavor and haunting beauty. Recipe: Fuyu Persimmon Salad

The New York Times

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Persimmons are prized worldwide for their sweet, mellow flavor and their haunting beauty, whether they are observed in a fruit bowl or hanging from a branch.

But there are no doubt still some American home cooks who haven't the faintest idea what to do with them. Not that there's anything wrong with good old Yankee persimmon pudding, but there are lots of other options.

In all discussions of persimmons and how to eat them, the two names you need to know are Fuyu and Hachiya. Though there are many more types of persimmons, thousands actually, these are the two that are commonly sold here, and there is a key difference between them.

The Fuyu, round and squat and rather tomato-shaped, is the kind you can eat raw. You want to buy the ones that have turned truly orange (if they are greenish-gold, let them ripen for a few days), then peel them and slice them. The flesh is firm but sweet. Eat them plain, in the Japanese fashion, with a pot of tea. Fuyus make wonderful salads, too.

On the other hand, if you tried to taste a slice of Hachiya persimmon when it's raw and firm, you'd immediately discover what is meant, in persimmon terminology, by the word "astringent." The pointy, heart-shaped fruit is highly tannic, puckery, sour, cottony and basically unpleasant.

Hachiya persimmons, then, are always left to ripen to utter softness, until they are rather like a purée, at which point they become wonderfully sweet, and can be split and eaten with a spoon.

Or you can turn ripe Hachiya pulp into marvelous dense and sticky autumn desserts, dark and spicy. (Not to confuse things, but Fuyus can also be cooked if left to soften in the same way.)

For now, I recommend sticking with Fuyus. They're abundant, easy to use and quite versatile, adapting to and complementing all kinds of ingredients, both sweet and savory.

The salad I made the other day veered Italian, with lemon, olive oil, radicchio and Parmesan. Because I have a basketful of persimmons on the counter, I'll surely make at least one with endives, roasted walnuts and balsamic vinegar, and a gingery one with watercress.

In fact, I intend to eat quite a few persimmons over the next couple of months. It's the same way I felt about tomatoes, back when the summer sun was shining.

FUYU PERSIMMON SALAD

Time: About 20 minutes

Yield: 4 to 6 servings

1 shallot, finely diced

Salt and pepper

2 tablespoons lemon juice

1 tablespoon sherry vinegar

4 tablespoons extra virgin olive oil

3 Fuyu persimmons

½ cup thinly sliced tender celery stalks and leaves

1 head radicchio, leaves torn into 2-inch wide ribbons

Chunk of Parmesan, for shaving

1. Make the vinaigrette: Put diced shallot in a small bowl with a pinch of salt. Add lemon juice and sherry vinegar and leave to macerate for about 5 minutes. Stir in olive oil. Season with additional salt and pepper to taste.

2. With a sharp paring knife, remove and discard the leafy calyx at the top of each persimmon. Peel persimmons and cut in half vertically. Lay persimmons flat side down and cut into ½-inch wedges.

3. Put persimmon wedges and celery slices in a low, wide salad bowl. Season with salt and pepper. Whisk vinaigrette, then pour over persimmon and celery and toss to coat well. Add radicchio and toss lightly.

4. With a vegetable peeler, shave about 1 ounce of Parmesan in thin strips over salad.

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