E-BOOK PRICES WILL RISE, BUT SOME READERS BEG TO DIFFER
In the battle over the pricing of electronic books, publishers appear to have won the first round. The price of many new releases and best...
The New York Times
In the battle over the pricing of electronic books, publishers appear to have won the first round. The price of many new releases and best sellers is about to go up, to as much as $14.99 from $9.99.
But there may be an insurgency waiting to pounce: e-book buyers.
Over the past year, the most voracious readers of e-books have shown a reflexive hostility to prices higher than the $9.99 set by Amazon.com and other online retailers for popular titles.
When digital editions have cost more, or have been delayed until after the release of hardcover versions, these readers have organized impromptu boycotts and gone to the Web sites of Amazon and Barnes & Noble to leave one-star ratings and negative comments for those books and their authors.
"This book has been on the shelves for three weeks and is already in the remainder bins," wrote Wayne Fogel of The Villages, Fla., when he left a one-star review of Catherine Coulter's book "KnockOut" on Amazon. "$14.82 for the Kindle version is unbelievable. Some listings Amazon should refuse when the authors are trying to rip off Amazon's customers."
The angry commenters could just be a vocal minority. But with e-books scheduled to cost $12.99 to $14.99 under new deals publishers negotiated with Apple and Amazon, a broader swath of customers may resist the new pricing. The higher prices will go into effect within the next few months.
Predicting consumer behavior is always tricky. In the case of e-books, publishers hope the vast majority who have not yet tried e-reading devices will not have any expectation of the low pricing now available from Amazon and others, including Barnes & Noble and Sony.
They argue that new e-book shoppers will welcome the chance to buy digital editions at a level significantly lower than the typical price tag on a hardcover book.
"With the iPad, the whole notion of e-book reading is probably going to become way more mainstream than it ever has," said Harvey Chute, who runs KindleBoards, a popular discussion forum for readers of electronic books. "And a majority of people may be coming to it new and may only see that they are getting $7 off the price they would see at a bookstore."
But some e-book buyers say that since publishers do not have to pay to print, store or distribute e-books, they should be much cheaper than print books.
"I just don't want to be extorted," said Joshua Levitsky, a computer technician and Kindle owner in New York. "I want to pay what it's worth. If it costs them nothing to print the paper book, which I can't believe, then they should be the same price. But I just don't see how it can be the same price."
Just what e-books are worth is a matter of debate. Publishers argue that printing and distribution represents a small proportion of the total cost of making a book.
"There are people who don't always understand what goes into an author writing and an editor editing and a publishing house with hundreds of men and women working on these books," said Mark Gompertz, executive vice president of digital publishing at Simon & Schuster.
"If you want something that has no quality to it, fine, but we're out to bring out things of quality, regardless of what type of book it is."
To consumers who do not pay much attention to the economics of publishing, such arguments are trumped by the fact that e-books have been available for $9.99 for more than a year.
"As far as I'm concerned, Amazon has committed to the $9.99 price," said Wilma Sanders, a 70-year-old retiree who has homes in Plymouth, Mass., and Marco Island, Fla.
She said that if e-book prices rose, she would stop buying. "I'm still a library-goer. There are enough good books out there that I don't need to pay more than I want to. I already can't keep up with what I have."
Surprised at protests
Authors have been taken aback by some of the vehemence of the protests.
"The sense of entitlement of the American consumer is absolutely astonishing," said Douglas Preston, whose novel "Impact" reached as high as No. 4 on The New York Times' hardcover fiction best-seller list earlier this month.
"It's the Wal-Mart mentality, which in my view is very unhealthy for our country. It's this notion of not wanting to pay the real price of something."
Amazon commenters attacked Preston after his publisher delayed the e-book version of his novel by four months to protect hardcover sales. Preston said he was not sure whether the protests were denting his sales.
But, he said, "It gives me pause when I get 50 e-mails saying 'I'm never buying one of your books ever again. I'm moving on, you greedy, greedy author."
One reason consumers may be sensitive to pricing is they have so many other types of entertainment to occupy their time.
"Entertainment and media companies keep forgetting that consumers have a choice. They can decide not to buy the book at all," said David Pakman, a venture capitalist and former chief executive of the digital music store eMusic.
John Wagoner, a 63-year-old accountant and Kindle owner in Plano, Texas, said that if e-book prices went much higher than $13 he would simply commit his time and dollars to other activities.
"They're just books," said Wagoner, who left an angry one-star review on the Amazon page for Preston's novel. "I do other things other than reading."
Prospect of piracy
Some analysts say that if consumers balk at price increases, piracy could grow rapidly.
Joel Waldfogel, a professor at the Wharton School of the University of Pennsylvania, saw a comparison with movies, a business where he has studied digital piracy rates.
With movies, he said, piracy tends to displace paid consumption.
"The real cost of consuming a movie is the two hours of undivided attention you spend," Waldfogel said. "If people are able to steal a bunch more, they will purchase less, simply because there isn't time to do all of it."
Publishers say price levels are not settled by any means and that having reached agreements where they, rather than retailers, set consumer prices, they have an opportunity to test different situations.
"We may introduce a book at $14.95 for a year and then move the book to $9.99 when we would have put out the trade paperback edition," said Dominique Raccah, chief executive of Sourcebooks, an independent publisher. "I suspect you're going to see a fair amount of experimentation."
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