WaMu sale could mean job cuts — and maybe hires, too
JPMorgan Chase officials met their newest employees Friday and began the complicated process of learning what they bought after federal...
Seattle Times business reporter
WaMu bythe numbers$42.72
Price per share on July 13, 2007
Price per share on Friday
The cash severance Alan Fishman is entitled to 18 days after being named chief executive
Number of employees in late 2005
Number of employees today
JPMorgan Chase officials met their newest employees Friday and began the complicated process of learning what they bought after federal regulators seized Seattle-based Washington Mutual in the nation's largest bank failure.
The New York bankers said it's too early to know what the deal means for employees, branches and even WaMu's headquarters city.
"We bid on it Tuesday night, and the deal closed Thursday," spokesman Tom Kelly said. "We've got a lot of work to do."
The complex road ahead didn't keep real-estate and banking experts from speculating now.
"There are undoubtedly going to be job cuts," said Bert Ely, a bank consultant in Alexandria, Va., but "it's not like the pink slips are going to come immediately."
JPMorgan also may do some hiring, Ely said, as it expands businesses in which WaMu was not particularly strong, such as commercial lending and wealth management.
The net effect will be job losses, which have become sadly familiar at WaMu in recent years. Its ranks have dwindled from 60,798 employees in late 2005 to about 43,200 workers today, including more than 3,500 people in downtown Seattle.
JPMorgan bought WaMu largely because of its branches, particularly along the West Coast and in Florida. Charlie Scharf, head of retail banking at JPMorgan, said in a conference call Thursday that fewer than 10 percent of the combined branches would close.
Scharf joins JPMorgan's chief administrative officer, Frank Bisignano, in overseeing WaMu's transition.
They were among eight JPMorgan officials in Seattle on Friday to meet employees and get acquainted with the latest addition to the JPMorgan Chase empire.
At the same time, JPMorgan's credit-card and commercial-banking chiefs were in California, where those operations of WaMu are based.
Branch closures are likely in the few markets where WaMu overlaps with JPMorgan — Houston, Dallas, Phoenix, Denver, Salt Lake City and the New York area — according to John McCune, head of research at SNL Financial in Charlottesville, Va.
The most profitable branches will stay open, whether they came from WaMu or JPMorgan, McCune said. "Generally, it's some mix of both, and you keep the branches that put you in the best position in the market."
Seattle office space
WaMu's demise will further erode the downtown Seattle office market, already starting to suffer the effects of the national economic slide.
Commercial real-estate brokers said WaMu owns or leases about 1.6 million square feet downtown, more than any other company. That's the equivalent of all the office space in the Columbia Center, Seattle's tallest building.
JPMorgan acquired WaMu's headquarters, the 42-story, 900,000-square-foot WaMu Center at Second Avenue and Union Street, completed two years ago.
WaMu also leases about 700,000 square feet in nearby downtown buildings, including the Washington Mutual Tower at 1201 Third Ave., the Newmark Tower and the 1111 Third Avenue Building.
If JPMorgan Chase cuts WaMu corporate staff in Seattle and large amounts of office space are put on the market, that could drive vacancy rates up and lease rates down.
That, in turn, could help persuade developers with new downtown office projects in the pipeline to hold off on construction.
WaMu already was giving back space before its demise. Oscar Oliveira, senior vice president with brokerage Colliers International, said the bank had subleased about 200,000 square feet, and quietly was marketing an additional 350,000.
John Miller, manager of brokerage Cushman & Wakefield's Seattle office, said the nationwide infrastructure of JPMorgan Chase means the impact probably will be more severe than if WaMu had been taken over by a foreign bank or private-equity investors.
Continued to trade
Against all odds, WaMu shares continued to trade Friday. That's because, while JPMorgan bought the company's banking subsidiary, it left behind the parent holding company — a shell containing little more than a passel of nonbanking subsidiaries. The shares fell to 16 cents as 102 million changed hands Friday. Among stockholders hit by WaMu's demise is the Washington State Investment Board, which said the collapse will cost pension and other types of funds it manages about $47 million, or 0.06 percent of its $78 billion in total assets under management.
The board manages investments for 17 public pension funds as well as 21 other public funds. Last week's bankruptcy filing by Lehman Brothers caused an estimated loss of about $130 million, or 0.17 percent of total assets, the board said.
Millions for CEO
Alan Fishman, chief executive for 18 days before the federal government took control, is eligible for $11.6 million in cash severance and can keep his $7.5 million signing bonus, according to an analysis by James F. Reda & Associates, a compensation-consulting firm in New York.
Fishman, a former CEO of New York-based Independence Community Bank, took over WaMu on Sept. 8 after the ouster of longtime CEO Kerry Killinger. Fishman remains CEO of WaMu's holding company, spokeswoman Darcy Donahoe-Wilmot said.
Killinger, who presided over WaMu for 18 years, was entitled to $16.5 million in cash severance, $14.9 million in deferred compensation and $7.5 million in estimated pension benefits, according to Reda. Killinger also left WaMu with company stock then worth about $5.1 million.
All told, Killinger received take-home pay totaling $98 million from 1994, the earliest year for which data is available, through 2007, according to Equilar, an executive-compensation research firm in Redwood Shores, Calif. He pocketed a total $22 million in 2006 and 2007 alone.
Among the losers in the collapse are the investors who in April put in $7.2 billion to bolster WaMu, paying $8.75 a share for stock and warrants potentially worth more than half the company. Their stake is now gone. Affiliates of private-equity firm TPG, which led the deal, had $2 billion invested in WaMu. "Obviously, we are dissatisfied with the loss to our partners and ourselves," a TPG spokesman said.
JPMorgan assumed the obligation to pay pension benefits to WaMu's retirees, said Andrew Gray, a spokesman for the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation (FDIC) in Washington, D.C. WaMu listed about 6,900 retirees on a 2006 IRS reporting form.
JPMorgan spokesman Kelly said Friday the bank is looking at all of WaMu's benefit plans, and declined to say if the bank would pay the benefits. He called the issue a "very detailed question."
According to regulatory filings, only a fraction of the pension plan was funded with WaMu stock, the report said.
JPMorgan also assumed WaMu's 401(k) plans for current employees, said the FDIC's Gray.
One former WaMu employee in Boston, who said he was laid off late last year, wondered Friday what will happen to about $650,000 he was to receive in deferred salary, which employees utilize for tax benefits.
The former employee, who asked that his name not be used, said he feared he was going to be "wiped out."
David Barr, an FDIC spokesman in Washington, D.C., said deferred compensation usually is treated as an unsecured claim. As a result, WaMu employees with such compensation might be out their money.
Kelly said the bank is looking at the question and might have an answer next week.
Seattle Times reporters Amy Martinez, Eric Pryne, Steve Miletich and Drew DeSilver contributed to this report.
Melissa Allison: 206-464-3312 or firstname.lastname@example.org
Copyright © 2008 The Seattle Times Company
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